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Jornal de Pediatria
On-line version ISSN 1678-4782
COSTA, Danielle I.; AZAMBUJA, Luciana S.; PORTUGUEZ, Mirna W. and COSTA, Jaderson C.. Neuropsychological assessment in children. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2004, vol.80, n.2, suppl., pp. 111-116. ISSN 1678-4782. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0021-75572004000300014.
OBJECTIVE: To describe the methods used for neuropsychological assessment in children, emphasizing aspects of interest to pediatricians, psychologists and neurologists. SOURCES OF DATA: Review of the published literature concerning neuropsychological assessment, including textbooks and reference manuals. The experience of the Neuropsychology Unit at Hospital São Lucas, Brazil, is described. SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS: Neuropsychological assessment should not be limited to the application of psychometric and neuropsychological tests; it should also correlate test findings with the neurological/behavioral disorder and establish which part of the brain is likely to be involved. In addition, the careful interpretation of result must be associated with an evaluation of the individual's current status and of the context in which she/he lives. CONCLUSION: The final result of neuropsychological assessment should be a neuropsychological profile of the patient, which, in combination with the evaluation of neurological/clinical, psychological and social aspects will contribute to diagnosis and provide elements to guide the patient in terms of maximizing his/her potential.
Keywords : Neuropsychology; neuropsychological assessment in children; cognitive functions.