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Jornal de Pediatria
On-line version ISSN 1678-4782
CAMELO JR., José Simon and MARTINEZ, Francisco Eulógio. Nutritional dilemmas in extremely low birth weight infants and their effects on childhood, adolescence and adulthood. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2005, vol.81, n.1, suppl.1, pp. S33-S42. ISSN 1678-4782. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0021-75572005000200005.
OBJECTIVE: To review the recent medical literature on nutrition of extremely low birth weight infants, focusing on nutritional disorders and their effects on childhood, adolescence and adulthood. SOURCES OF DATA: An extensive review of the related literature was performed using MEDLINE, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and the Best Evidence database. SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS: There is a growing body of evidence that early nutritional practices may affect short-term growth and development outcome. In addition, these practices may play a role in determining adult health and disease. There is still much to be learned about safe and efficacious nutrient administration in preterm infants; about techniques to assess the effect of different nutritional strategies; and about the long-term effects of these regimens on development outcome, growth and disease. CONCLUSION: Despite recent progress in neonatal nutrition, there is a lack of basic and clinical research to better define the nutritional requirements of preterm infants and the best way to meet these requirements, avoiding long-term undesirable consequences.
Keywords : Nutrition; human milk; prematurity; parenteral nutrition; enteral nutrition; nutritional programming.