Jornal de Pediatria
Print version ISSN 0021-7557
SILVA, Rosangela da; LOPES JR., Emílio; SARNI, Roseli Oselka Saccardo and TADDEI, José Augusto de Aguiar Carrazedo. Plasma vitamin A levels in deprived children with pneumonia during the acute phase and after recovery. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2005, vol.81, n.2, pp. 162-168. ISSN 0021-7557. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0021-75572005000300013.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the plasma retinol of children in the acute phase of pneumonia and after recovery and to investigate the association between plasma levels of retinol after recovery with socioeconomic variables, nutritional status and severity of pneumonia. METHODS: A prospective cohort study which included 40 low-income hospitalized children with pneumonia, aged 6 months to 5 years. We evaluated: plasma retinol level during the acute phase and after recovery, years of schooling of the head of the family, per capita income, birth weight, nutritional status, hemoglobin levels and severity of pneumonia. RESULTS: Mean plasma retinol levels were significantly higher after recovery than during the acute phase of infection (1.4±0.6 vs. 1.7±0.6 µmol/l, p = 0.03). The frequency of inadequate plasma retinol levels (< 1.05 µmol/l) was 32.5 and 17.5% for the acute phase and after recovery, respectively. There were no statistically significant associations between plasma retinol deficiency and the clinical and epidemiological variables studied. More severe pneumonia was observed in 30/40 (75%) of the patients. There was no statistically significant association between plasma retinol inadequacy after recovery and severity of pneumonia (4/30 - 13.3% vs. 3/10 - 30.0%, p = 0.34). CONCLUSION: Serum retinol levels were significantly higher after recovery than during the acute phase of pneumonia. There was no statistically significant association between the deficiency of serum retinol and the clinical and epidemiological variables studied.
Keywords : Vitamin A; nutritional status; children; pneumonia.