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Jornal de Pediatria
On-line version ISSN 1678-4782
PAES, Carlos E. N and GASPAR, Vera L. V. Unintentional injuries in the home environment: home safety. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2005, vol.81, n.5, suppl., pp. s146-s154. ISSN 1678-4782. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0021-75572005000700004.
OBJECTIVE: To review the characteristics of unintentional injuries and their impact on children and adolescents. SOURCES OF DATA: Articles published between 2000 and 2005 in the MEDLINE, EBSCO, Proquest, SciELO, BVS and Google Scholar databases were selected. The authors used the keywords unintentional injuries, injuries, safe home, burns, falls, drowning, scorpions, snakes, poisoning, child, adolescent, mortality, injury control, and hospitalization. Some articles were evaluated based on the selected publications. SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS: Unintentional injuries in the world and in Brazil are analyzed, and so are the behaviors currently adopted for injury prevention and control. The impact on mortality, on physical damage, and the economic burden of injuries are evaluated. Special emphasis is placed on home environment, approaching the effects of child development, social disparities and contextualization of home environment on children's world and vulnerabilities. The main types of events that cause physical damage to the child and adolescent in the home environment are described. CONCLUSION: The prevention of injuries in the home environment is possible. In this case, health professionals have the challenge to reduce the consequences of unintentional injuries on the morbidity and mortality of children and young people in Brazil and in the whole world.
Keywords : Safety; accident prevention; injuries; home accidents; home safety; injury control.