Jornal de Pediatria
Print version ISSN 0021-7557
LIBERAL, Edson Ferreira; AIRES, Roberto Tschoepke; AIRES, Mariana Tschoepke and OSORIO, Ana Carla de Albuquerque. Safe school. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2005, vol.81, n.5, suppl., pp. s155-s163. ISSN 0021-7557. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0021-75572005000700005.
OBJECTIVE: To review the strategies to make school a safe environment. The paper first addresses the social context of accidents and violence in the school environment, and makes recommendations, based on the literature data, for the implementation of safe schools. SOURCE OF DATA: Articles published between 1993 and 2005 in the MEDLINE database. Brazilian epidemiological and literature data have also been searched. SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS: There is growing evidence that intervention has multiple components, focusing on health education practices, with the participation of the whole community. The aim of those interventions is to help students and community members to adopt healthy and safe behaviors. Schools are taking on an increasing role in health promotion, disease prevention, and injury prevention. In the context of prevention of external causes of morbidity and mortality, it is important to recognize a risky environment, places, and risk behaviors as favorable to injury and violence, as well as the concept of accident as something one can avoid. CONCLUSION: Implementation of safe schools represents a promising new direction for school-based preventive work. It is important to note that a safe school should intervene not only in its physical structure, but it should also make it as safe as possible by gathering the school community through health education, and mainly encouraging healthy behavior.
Keywords : School health; security measures; accident prevention; violence; adolescent behavior.