SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.82 issue5Variability in the establishment of an external reference point for central venous pressure measurement in children author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links


Jornal de Pediatria

Print version ISSN 0021-7557On-line version ISSN 1678-4782


CARRASCOZA, Karina Camillo; POSSOBON, Rosana de Fátima; TOMITA, Laura Mendes  and  MORAES, Antônio Bento Alves de. Consequences of bottle-feeding to the oral facial development of initially breastfed children. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2006, vol.82, n.5, pp.395-397. ISSN 0021-7557.

OBJECTIVE: To identify and assess the possible consequences of bottle-feeding on the oral facial development of children who were breastfed up to at least six months of age. METHODS: Two hundred and two children (4 years of age) enrolled in an early health attention program participated in the study. The sample was divided into two groups: G1 (children who used only a cup to drink) and G2 (those who used a bottle). RESULTS: Lip closure was observed in 82% of the children in G1 and in 65% of those in G2 (p = 0.0065). The tongue coming to rest in the maxillary arch was found in 73% of the children in G1 and in 47% of those in G2 (p = 0.0001). Nasal breathing was observed in 69% of G1 and in 37% of G2 (p = 0.0001). The maxilla was shown to be normal in 90% of G1 and in 78% of G2 (p = 0.0206). CONCLUSIONS: Use of the bottle, even among breastfed children interferes negatively with oral facial development.

Keywords : Bottle feeding; breast feeding.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in English | Portuguese     · English ( pdf epdf ) | Portuguese ( pdf epdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License