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Jornal de Pediatria
On-line version ISSN 1678-4782
SALDIVA, Silvia Regina D. M. et al. Feeding habits of children aged 6 to 12 months and associated maternal factors. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2007, vol.83, n.1, pp. 53-58. ISSN 1678-4782. http://dx.doi.org/10.2223/JPED.1588.
OBJECTIVE: To identify the feeding practices of children aged 6 to 12 months of age and associated maternal factors. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study analyzing data from the 2004 Breastfeeding and the Municipalities Project, which was implemented in 136 municipalities in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, with 24,448 children. The foods these children ate were profiled according to the number of children who had been given breastmilk and/or other foods during the previous 24 hours, and based on this data the probability of consumption of each food at each age was estimated by means of probit analysis. RESULTS: It was observed that 50% of the sample were being given breastmilk, 77% other types of milk, 63% porridge, 87% fruit, 78% soups, 64% the family meal, 58% meals including beans and 36% soup or meals containing meat. The probability of a 6-month-old child being given soup is elevated (78%), while for the family meal it is low (39%), and the probability of being fed breastmilk is 59%, lower than for other milks (70%) and than for porridge (63%). Associations were observed between milk-based meals and primiparous mothers, mothers employed outside the home and mothers who had spent longer in education. Similar findings were observed for soups, added to maternal age of more than 20 years. The family meal was associated with mothers under 20 years old, mothers who were not employed outside the home, mothers with fewer years' education and multiparous mothers. CONCLUSIONS: Excessive consumption was observed of liquid and semi-solid foods, suggesting that appropriate guidance on complementary feeding is needed, taking into account age, primiparity, education and employed mothers.
Keywords : Feeding habits; breastfeeding; weaning; infant nutrition.