SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.84 issue3Neurobehavior of full-term small for gestational age newborn infants of adolescent mothersFunctional outcome of children treated in intensive care unit author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Jornal de Pediatria

Print version ISSN 0021-7557

Abstract

FUJIMORI, Mahmi et al. The attitudes of primary school children to breastfeeding and the effect of health education lectures. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2008, vol.84, n.3, pp. 224-231. ISSN 0021-7557.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0021-75572008000300007.

OBJECTIVE: To assess attitudes to breastfeeding among children in primary education and to evaluate the influence of educational lectures on their knowledge. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 503 students of both sexes from the fourth to the eighth grades of five different schools. The children were divided into two groups: control (n = 215) and intervention (n = 288) in order to evaluate the influence of educational lectures. A questionnaire containing 30 questions about different features of breastfeeding was used for data collection. The intervention took the form of a 30-minute lecture, given at the schools. RESULTS: The lecture increased the number of schoolchildren who answered that breastmilk is most beneficial for infants (p < 0.05) and that breastfeeding is the most practical way of feeding babies (p < 0.05). There was a reduction in the number who would give supplementary feeding during the first month of life (p < 0.05) and also in how many would give a baby a pacifier (p < 0.05). After the intervention less than half of the girls would chose to breastfeed for 1 year or more (39.1% in the control group vs. 43.2% in the intervention group); while the opposite was true of the males (54.7% in the control group vs. 51.7% in the intervention group). More of the boys (37.1%) were able to cite specific advantages for mothers from breastfeeding when compared to the females (19.9%). CONCLUSION: The results indicate that lectures on health education, presented at schools, have a beneficial effect on breastfeeding knowledge, awareness and attitudes.

Keywords : Breastfeeding; health education; schoolchildren.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in English | Portuguese     · pdf in English | Portuguese