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Jornal de Pediatria
On-line version ISSN 1678-4782
MESQUITA, Marta Celeste de Oliveira et al. Pediatric liver transplantation: 10 years of experience at a single center in Brazil. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2008, vol.84, n.5, pp. 395-402. ISSN 1678-4782. http://dx.doi.org/10.2223/JPED.1810.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the first 10 years' experience of the liver transplantation department at the Alfa Institute, Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil. METHODS: A descriptive study, based on a retrospective analysis of 84 children and adolescents enrolled on a liver transplantation waiting list, from March 1995 to January 2006, based on the following variables: age, etiology of underlying liver disease, Child-Pugh, Malatack, model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) and pediatric end-stage liver disease (PELD) scores, time on waiting list, complications and survival after the procedure. RESULTS: Forty children had 42 liver transplants. Twenty six died while on the waiting list. Biliary atresia was the most frequent indication for transplant. The median age was 6.6 years (ranging from 1.9 to 16.8 years). Post liver transplant mortality was 32.5% (13 of 40 children). The median time on the liver transplant waiting list was 291 days. Complications related to the graft occurred in 24 of 42 transplants (57.1%), including vascular complications (30.8%), with thrombosis of the hepatic artery being the most frequent (16.6%); acute rejection occurred in 16.6%. CONCLUSIONS: The overall results are similar to what can be found in the literature with relation to indications and post-transplant survival. However, there were elevated rates of complications unrelated to the graft and of complications involving the hepatic artery.
Keywords : Liver transplantation; children; adolescents; mortality; outcome assessment; postoperative complication; survival analysis.