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Jornal de Pediatria

Print version ISSN 0021-7557

Abstract

ALBERNAZ, Elaine et al. Influence of breastfeeding support on the tendencies of breastfeeding rates in the city of Pelotas (RS), Brazil, from 1982 to 2004. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2008, vol.84, n.6, pp. 560-564. ISSN 0021-7557.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0021-75572008000700015.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of breastfeeding support on breastfeeding rates in the city of Pelotas (RS), Brazil. METHODS: The prevalence rates of exclusive breastfeeding and of overall breastfeeding were compared in four cohorts of children, born in 1982, 1993, 1997-1998 and 2004. The children selected for this study fulfilled the inclusion criteria for the WHO Multicenter Growth Reference Study, in order to afford comparison with the 1997-1998 cohort, which was made up of children selected for that study. The 1997-1998 cohort received systematic breastfeeding support. RESULTS: There was an increase in the rates of exclusive breastfeeding: from 26% at 1 month of age in 1993 to 77% at the same age in 2004, and from 16% at 3 months to 46% for the same dates, respectively. Breastfeeding rates at later ages exhibited a tendency to increase, although with less significance: from 15% in 1982 at 12 months to 34% in 2004 at the same age and from 6% at 24 months to 14% for the same dates, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Breastfeeding support has contributed to a tendency for breastfeeding rates to increase.

Keywords : Breastfeeding; health promotion; infant.

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