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Jornal de Pediatria
Print version ISSN 0021-7557
ALBERNAZ, Elaine et al. Influence of breastfeeding support on the tendencies of breastfeeding rates in the city of Pelotas (RS), Brazil, from 1982 to 2004. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2008, vol.84, n.6, pp. 560-564. ISSN 0021-7557. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0021-75572008000700015.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of breastfeeding support on breastfeeding rates in the city of Pelotas (RS), Brazil. METHODS: The prevalence rates of exclusive breastfeeding and of overall breastfeeding were compared in four cohorts of children, born in 1982, 1993, 1997-1998 and 2004. The children selected for this study fulfilled the inclusion criteria for the WHO Multicenter Growth Reference Study, in order to afford comparison with the 1997-1998 cohort, which was made up of children selected for that study. The 1997-1998 cohort received systematic breastfeeding support. RESULTS: There was an increase in the rates of exclusive breastfeeding: from 26% at 1 month of age in 1993 to 77% at the same age in 2004, and from 16% at 3 months to 46% for the same dates, respectively. Breastfeeding rates at later ages exhibited a tendency to increase, although with less significance: from 15% in 1982 at 12 months to 34% in 2004 at the same age and from 6% at 24 months to 14% for the same dates, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Breastfeeding support has contributed to a tendency for breastfeeding rates to increase.
Keywords : Breastfeeding; health promotion; infant.