Jornal de Pediatria
Print version ISSN 0021-7557
VENANCIO, Sonia I.; ESCUDER, Maria M. L.; SALDIVA, Sílvia R. D. M. and GIUGLIANI, Elsa R. J.. Breastfeeding practice in the Brazilian capital cities and the Federal District: current status and advances. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2010, vol.86, n.4, pp. 317-324. ISSN 0021-7557. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0021-75572010000400012.
OBJECTIVES: To present the breastfeeding (BF) indicators obtained in the Second Survey on Prevalence of Breastfeeding in the Brazilian Capitals and the Federal District and to analyze their evolution from 1999 to 2008. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in children younger than 1 year old who participated in the second phase of the multivaccination campaign in 2008. We used two-stage cluster sampling. The questionnaire consisted of closed questions, including data on consumption of breast milk, other types of milk, and other foods on the day prior to the survey. We analyzed the prevalence of BF in the first hour of life; exclusive BF in children younger than 6 months; BF in children aged 9 to 12 months; and medians of exclusive BF and BF. The time variation of BF was established by comparing the medians of exclusive BF and BF in 1999 and 2008. RESULTS: We obtained data from 34,366 children. We found that 67.7% (95%CI 66.7-68.8) of the children were breastfed in the first hour of life; the prevalence of exclusive BF in children aged 0 to 6 months was 41% (95%CI 39.7-42.4), while the prevalence of BF in children aged 9 to 12 months was 58.7% (95%CI 56.8-60.7). There was an increase of 30.7 days in the median duration of exclusive BF and 45.7 days in the median of BF. CONCLUSION: There was a significant improvement in the breastfeeding prevalence in the last decade. However, further efforts are required so that Brazil can reach BF rates compatible with the recommendations of the World Health Organization.
Keywords : Breastfeeding; exclusive breastfeeding; cross-sectional study; indicators.