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Jornal de Pediatria
Print version ISSN 0021-7557
MOURA, Danilo Rolim de; CRUZ, Ana Catarina Nova and QUEVEDO, Luciana de Ávila. Prevalence and characteristics of school age bullying victims. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2011, vol.87, n.1, pp. 19-23. ISSN 0021-7557. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0021-75572011000100004.
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of bullying victims, the characteristics of those victims and their associated symptoms in the domains of emotion, behavior, hyperactivity and peer relationships. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study nested in a cohort that assesses disorders of reading, writing and arithmetic in 1,075 students enrolled in the first to eighth grades of two public schools in a lower-middle-class neighborhood of the city of Pelotas, RS, Brazil. The KIDSCAPE questionnaire was used to evaluate the prevalence of bullying and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire was used to assess victims’ behavioral characteristics. RESULTS: The prevalence of bullying was 17.6%. The most prevalent type of intimidation was verbal, followed by physical, emotional, racial and sexual. After adjustment for confounding factors, bullying was still associated with male sex (PR 1.49 95%CI 1.14-1.96), hyperactivity (PR 1.89 95%CI 1.25-2.87) and peer relationship problems (PR 1.85 95%CI 1.24-2.76). Among the victims of bullying, 47.1% had also initiated bullying. CONCLUSION: This study has identified the behavioral characteristics of bullying victims which may prove useful for local policies designed to protect the targets of bullying.
Keywords : Prevalence; bullying victims; child violence; SDQ; KIDSCAPE.