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Jornal de Pediatria
Print version ISSN 0021-7557
HANASHIRO, Milton; FRANCO, Antonio O. C.; FERRARO, Alexandre A. and TROSTER, Eduardo J.. Care alternatives for pediatric chronic mechanical ventilation. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2011, vol.87, n.2, pp.145-149. ISSN 0021-7557. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0021-75572011000200010.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of transferring a pediatric population to mechanical ventilator dependency units (MVDUs) or to home mechanical ventilation (HMV) on bed availability in the pediatric intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: This is a longitudinal, retrospective study of hospitalized children who required prolonged mechanical ventilation at the MVDU located at the Hospital Auxiliar de Suzano, a secondary public hospital in São Paulo, Brazil. We calculated the number of days patients spent at MVDU and on HMV, and analyzed their survival rates with Kaplan-Meier estimator. RESULTS: Forty-one patients were admitted to the MVDU in 7.3 years. Median length of stay in this unit was 239 days (interquartile range = 102-479). Of these patients, 22 came from the ICU, where their transfer made available 8,643 bed-days (a mean of 14 new patients per month). HMV of eight patients made 4,022 bed-days available in the hospital in 4 years (a mean of 12 new patients per month in the ICU). Survival rates of patients at home were not significantly different from those observed in hospitalized patients. CONCLUSIONS: A hospital unit for mechanical ventilator-dependent patients and HMV can improve bed availability in ICUs. Survival rates of patients who receive HMV are not significantly different from those of patients who remain hospitalized.
Keywords : Artificial respiration; home care services; neuromuscular diseases; length of stay; intensive care.