SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.87 issue2Hepatic steatosis in obese children and adolescentsVolumetric capnography to detect ventilation inhomogeneity in children and adolescents with controlled persistent asthma author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links


Jornal de Pediatria

Print version ISSN 0021-7557


GONZALES, Andréa C. S. et al. Use of monoclonal faecal elastase-1 concentration for pancreatic status assessment in cystic fibrosis patients. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2011, vol.87, n.2, pp.157-162. ISSN 0021-7557.

OBJECTIVE: To assess the concentration of faecal elastase-1 (EL-1) in pediatric patients with cystic fibrosis with mutation ∆F508. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with samples collected consecutively from 51 patients aged 4 months to 17 years old (mean 9.11±4.74); 32 (62.8%) patients were male. Clinical-demographic data were collected, as well as data on the type of mutation. Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency was established by the activity of faecal EL-1 < 200 µg/g. EL-1 was quantified through the monoclonal ELISA method (ScheBo Biotech AG, Germany). Pancreatic supplements were used in 46 (90.2%) patients. RESULTS: Forty-one (80.4%) patients presented with pancreatic insufficiency (EL-1 fecal < 100 µg/g): 17 (41.5%) were homozygous, 14 were heterozygous (34.1%) and 10 were non-∆F508 (24.4%). Regarding the mutation, there was a statistically significant association of homozygosity with faecal EL-1 concentration < 100 µg/g (p = 0.010). All patients considered to be pancreatic insufficient (n = 41) by the test were using pancreatic supplements. Ten (19.6%) presented faecal EL-1 > 200 µg/g, and 5/10 (50%) used enzymes. CONCLUSIONS: The activity of faecal EL-1 < 100 µg/g, indicating pancreatic insufficiency, was observed in 17/17 (100%) of homozygous patients, as expected, and was less frequent in patients who were heterozygous for ∆F508 and in patients without the mutation. There was no association of faecal EL-1 concentration with age and sex of patients. The test was standardized, is easy to execute, and can be used to assess the pancreatic status of patients with cystic fibrosis.

Keywords : Faecal elastase-1; ∆F508; exocrine pancreatic insufficiency; cystic fibrosis.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in English | Portuguese     · English ( pdf epdf ) | Portuguese ( pdf epdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License