Jornal de Pediatria
Print version ISSN 0021-7557
NOBRE, Luciana N.; LAMOUNIER, Joel A. and FRANCESCHINI, Sylvia C. C.. Preschool children dietary patterns and associated factors. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2012, vol.88, n.2, pp. 129-136. ISSN 0021-7557. http://dx.doi.org/10.2223/JPED.2169.
OBJECTIVES: To identify dietary patterns in pre-school children and to investigate its determinants. METHODS: Cross-sectional study nested in a cohort born between 2004 and 2005 in the municipality of Diamantina, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The instrument used to explore the dietary patterns was a frequency questionnaire for food consumption. Factor analysis was used for the identification of the dietary patterns. The study also assessed personal and socioeconomic data and anthropometric measurements of 232 preschoolers in the period between July 2009 and July 2010. The determinants of food patterns were identified by logistic regression. RESULTS: Three patterns were obtained, which were called: "mixed diet," "snack," and "unhealthy." The children of mothers with low education are more likely (odds ratio - OR = 3.80; confidence interval 95% - 95%CI = 1.90-7.60) to consume food from the "mixed diet" pattern, and less likely (OR = 0.31; 95%CI = 0.15-0.61) to consume food from the "snack" pattern, while those with higher per capita income are more likely to consume food from the "unhealthy" pattern (OR = 2.43; 95%CI = 1.13-5.24). CONCLUSION: Three dietary patterns were identified in the studied population, which were determined by the level of maternal education and per capita income.
Keywords : Dietary patterns; preschoolers; factor analysis; cross-sectional studies.