SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.88 issue2A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of cyproheptadine for appetite stimulation in cystic fibrosisAssessment of sleep quality in adolescents with temporomandibular disorders author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links


Jornal de Pediatria

Print version ISSN 0021-7557


ALFONZO, Miguel Antonio et al. Functional state of CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes and their role in the slow progression of HIV infection in pediatric patients. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2012, vol.88, n.2, pp.161-168. ISSN 0021-7557.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate simultaneously the functional state of CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes from Venezuelan HIV-1-infected pediatric patients. METHODS: Children were assigned to subgroups of rapid progressors (RPs) and slow progressors (SPs), based on clinical features. To determine the degree of CD4+ and CD8+ T-lymphocyte functionality, flow cytometry techniques were used, and diverse parameters of the functionality of these cells were characterized by ex vivo tests, such as expression of CD95/Fas and CD127, and frequency of apoptosis. In addition, we determined, in cultured peripheral blood mononuclear cells, HIV-specific proliferation and the production of interleukin-10 (IL-10), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interferon gamma (IFN-γ), besides measuring intracellular IFN-γ in CD4+ T cells. RESULTS: Our results indicate that several molecular and cellular mechanisms of CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes are deteriorated in RPs in comparison with SPs and controls. Indeed, both types of T lymphocytes from RPs exhibited an increased expression of CD95/Fas (p < 0.01), a significantly reduced expression of CD127 (p < 0.01), and an augmented frequency of apoptosis (p < 0.01). Furthermore, T cells from these patients displayed a diminished capacity of mitogen proliferation (p < 0.05), a reduced percentage of IFN-γ producing CD4+ T lymphocytes (p < 0.05) and a smaller capacity of IL-10, TNF-α and IFN-γ production (p < 0.01) in comparison with SP and control patients. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that the decline of the normal T lymphocyte molecular and cellular responses is related to a rapid progression and a decreased resistance to HIV-1 infection in children.

Keywords : HIV; progression; pediatric patients; immune function.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in English | Portuguese     · English ( pdf epdf ) | Portuguese ( pdf epdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License