Jornal de Pediatria
Print version ISSN 0021-7557
PELLEBOER, Rolf A. A. et al. Celiac disease is overrepresented in patients with constipation. J. Pediatr. (Rio J.) [online]. 2012, vol.88, n.2, pp. 173-176. ISSN 0021-7557. http://dx.doi.org/10.2223/JPED.2155.
OBJECTIVE: It is suggested that patients with constipation should be screened for celiac disease. Similarly, it is recommended to investigate these patients for hypothyroidism and hypercalcemia. However, no evidence for these recommendations is available so far. We therefore set out to determine the prevalence of celiac disease, hypothyroidism, and hypercalcemia in children with constipation. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of 370 consecutive patients who met the Rome III criteria for constipation. These patients were referred by a general practitioner to a pediatrician because of failure of laxative treatment. RESULTS: Seven of these patients had biopsy-proven celiac disease. This is significantly higher (p < 0.001) than the 1:198 prevalence of celiac disease in the Netherlands. Two patients had auto-immune thyroiditis. No patient had hypercalcemia. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that celiac disease is significantly overrepresented in patients with constipation who are referred by a general practitioner to a pediatrician because of failure of laxative treatment. All such patients should, therefore, be screened for celiac disease.
Keywords : Celiac disease; constipation; hypothyroidism; hypercalcemia.