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Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Print version ISSN 0034-7094
NASCIMENTO, Maurício Serrano; BERNARDES, Cassiano Franco and MEDEIROS, Roberta Louro de. Marked hypercapnia during cardiopulmonary bypass for myocardial revascularization: case report. Rev. Bras. Anestesiol. [online]. 2002, vol.52, n.2, pp. 231-235. ISSN 0034-7094. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-70942002000200011.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Bypassing heart blood and returning it oxygenated to systemic circulation is achieved at the expenses of major cardiopulmonary physiologic changes. The aim of this report was to present an anesthetic complication during CPB and to warn for the need of interaction of the whole anesthetic-surgical team to prevent adverse perioperative events. CASE REPORT: A brown female patient, 56 years old, 95 kg, height 1.65 m, physical status ASA IV, with chronic renal failure under hemodialysis was admitted for myocardial revascularization. Monitoring consisted of ECG, invasive blood pressure, pulse oximetry, capnography, esophageal temperature, central venous pressure and anesthetic gases analysis. Patient was premedicated with intravenous midazolam (0.05 mg.kg-1). Anesthesia was induced with fentanyl (16 µg.kg-1), etomidate (0.3 mg.kg-1) and pancuronium (0.1 mg.kg-1), and was maintained with O2, isoflurane (0.5 - 1 MAC) and fentanyl continuous infusion. Blood gas analysis after induction has shown: pH: 7.41; PaO2: 288 mmHg; PaCO2: 38 mmHg; HCO3: 24 mmol.L-1; BE: 0 mmol.L-1; SatO2 100%. A second blood gases analysis, sampled soon after CPB, returned in 30 minutes, showing: pH 7.15; PaO2: 86 mmHg; PaCO2 224 mmHg; HCO3: 29 mmol.L-1; BE: -3 mmol.L-1; SatO2 99%. Thorough and urgent checking of anesthetic and perfusion equipment was performed and revealed that the gas blender was connected to the O2 line and to a CO2 cylinder, when it should be connected to the compressed air cylinder. CONCLUSIONS: Bypass circuit mechanical problems may occur in the intraoperative period, and demand prompt repairs. Technological advances in anesthesia equipment, monitoring and safety standards will lessen the possibility of cases such as this to be repeated, but will never replace anesthesiologists surveillance.
Keywords : COMPLICATIONS [hypercapnia]; SURGERY, Cardiac [myocardial revascularization].