Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
On-line version ISSN 1806-907X
GANEM, Eliana Marisa; CASTIGLIA, Yara Marcondes Machado and VIANNA, Pedro Thadeu Galvão. Spinal anesthesia-induced neurological complications. Rev. Bras. Anestesiol. [online]. 2002, vol.52, n.4, pp. 471-480. ISSN 1806-907X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-70942002000400012.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although rare, spinal anesthesia-induced neurological complications may determine serious sequelae. This study aimed at presenting these complications in order to elucidate triggering factors and help in the diagnosis of such injuries. CONTENTS: The following complications are presented: needle and catheter-induced nerve injury, post dural puncture headache, anterior spinal artery syndrome, spinal hematoma, septic meningitis, aseptic meningitis, adhesive arachnoiditis, cauda equina syndrome, and transient neurological symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: The understanding of triggering factors of spinal anesthesia-induced neurological complications may prevent injuries and help early diagnosis and treatment, therefore changing patients prognosis.
Keywords : ANESTHETIC TECHNIQUES [Regional]; ANESTHETIC TECHNIQUES [spinal block]; COMPLICATIONS [neurological].