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Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
On-line version ISSN 1806-907X
RAMOS, Gilson et al. Preoperative assessment of lung disease patients. Rev. Bras. Anestesiol. [online]. 2003, vol.53, n.1, pp.114-126. ISSN 1806-907X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-70942003000100014.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Lung complications are the most frequent causes of postoperative morbidity-mortality, especially in lung disease patients. So, those patients should be preoperatively carefully evaluated and prepared, both clinically and laboratorially. This review aimed at determining surgical risk and at establishing preoperative procedures to minimize peri and postoperative morbidity-mortality in lung disease patients. CONTENTS: Major anesthetic-surgical repercussions in lung function have already been described. Similarly, we tried to select higher-risk patients, submitted or not to lung resection. To that end, clinical and laboratorial propedeutics were used. Finally, a proposal of a preoperative algorithm was presented for procedures with lung resection. CONCLUSIONS: Lung disease patients, especially those with chronic evolution, need to be preoperatively thoroughly evaluated. ASA physical status and Goldmans cardiac index are important risk forecasting factors for lung disease patients not candidates for lung resection. Adding to these criteria, estimated postoperative max VO2, FEV1 and diffusion capacity are mandatory for some patients submitted to lung resection. b2-agonists and steroids should be considered in the preoperative period of these patients.
Keywords : PREOPERATIVE EVALUATION; DISEASE [Respiratory].