Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Print version ISSN 0034-7094
MARTINS, Carlos Alberto de Souza; ARAGAO, Pedro Wanderley de; PRAZERES, João de Oliveira and MARTINS, Mahiba Mattar Rahbani de Souza. Epidural caudal block: evaluation of length of analgesia with the association of lidocaine, fentanyl and clonidine. Rev. Bras. Anestesiol. [online]. 2004, vol.54, n.4, pp. 501-505. ISSN 0034-7094. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-70942004000400006.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The association of different substances to local anesthetics aims to improve the blockade quality and prolonging analgesia. The aims of this study were to compare the effectiveness of the association of clonidine, clonidine and fentanyl, and fentanyl, to lidocaine for postoperative analgesia. METHODS: Participated in this study 64 patients aged 23 years or above, physical status ASA I or II, undergoing to orificial proctologic surgery under epidural caudal anesthesia. Patients were distributed in 4 groups of 16: group I (lidocaine alone); group II (lidocaine and fentanyl); group III (lidocaine, fentanyl and clonidine); and group IV (lidocaine and clonidine). The quality of sensory and motor blockade were compared. RESULTS: There has been no difference in onset and maximum block level among groups. Absence of motor block was the most frequent result, found in about 64% of patients. Analgesia length was different among groups, being more significant in group III. CONCLUSIONS: Clonidine, associated or not to fentanyl, has prolonged postoperative analgesia after epidural caudal blockade with lidocaine.
Keywords : ANALGESICS [Opioids]; ANALGESICS [fentanyl]; ANESTHETIC TECHNIQUES [Regional]; ANESTHETIC TECHNIQUES [epidural caudal block]; POSTOPERATIVE ANALGESIA [clonidine]; POSTOPERATIVE ANALGESIA [lidocaine]; POSTOPERATIVE ANALGESIA [regional block].