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Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
On-line version ISSN 1806-907X
TORRES, Marcelo Luís Abramides; YAMAGUCHI, Eduardo Tsuyoshi and FONSECA, Ubirajara Sabbag. Anesthesia breathing systems with CO2 absorption, circle valve circuit: comparison of thermal behavior of coaxial system and conventional system with different fresh gas flows. Rev. Bras. Anestesiol. [online]. 2005, vol.55, n.1, pp. 72-77. ISSN 1806-907X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-70942005000100008.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The adequate maintenance of inhaled gases temperature during anesthetic procedures is critical to prevent perioperative respiratory complications. This study aimed at comparing the ability to warm up inhaled gases of coaxial breathing system and conventional system, by varying fresh gas flows (FGF). METHODS: Breathing systems were tested in a lung simulator ventilated with 600 mL tidal volume and respiratory frequency of 10 bpm. The model simulated human CO2 production by delivering 250 mL.min-1 of CO2 flow. Then, exhaled gas from the model was directed to a pre-warmed humidifier to simulate human exhaled gas. Both systems were classified as circle, valve circuits with CO2 absorption. In the coaxial system (model A), the inspiratory branch was enveloped by the expiratory branch, whereas the conventional one (model B) presented separated respiratory branches. Inhaled gas temperature was measured at the following moments: 0, 5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60 and 90 minutes, with low (0.5 and 1 L.min-1) and high (3 and 6 L.min-1) FGF. RESULTS: Model A presented significant thermal variation between beginning and end of experiment (22.47 ± 1.77 ºC and 24.27 ± 3.52 ºC respectively, p < 0.05). Both models A and B produced similar temperatures at the end of the study (24.27 ± 3.52 ºC and 23.61 ± 1.93 ºC respectively). There was no difference between final temperatures of both models and environmental temperature (21.25 ± 1.20 ºC and 21.81 ± 1,87 ºC respectively). Low FGF has produced similar temperatures to those observed at the end of the study with higher flows in both models (A: 25.53 ± 4.78 ºC and 23.02 ± 0.80 ºC; B: 24.50 ± 0.85 ºC and 22.72 ± 2.36 ºC, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The coaxial system presented significant thermal variation between beginning and end of experiment, while this was not observed in the conventional one. No difference was observed in final temperatures when comparing both systems, regardless of the FGF.
Keywords : EQUIPMENTS [coaxial circuit]; EQUIPMENTS [heat permuter]; GASES [temperature].