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Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
On-line version ISSN 1806-907X
LAGES, Neusa et al. Postoperative nausea and vomiting: a review of the "minor-major" problem. Rev. Bras. Anestesiol. [online]. 2005, vol.55, n.5, pp.575-585. ISSN 1806-907X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-70942005000500013.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Notwithstanding continuous investigations and the development of new drugs and techniques, postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are frequent and may contribute to the development of complications, thus increasing hospital and human costs. This article aimed at reviewing physiological mechanisms, risk factors and therapeutic approaches available to manage PONV. CONTENTS: Several strategies to manage PONV are suggested in this article, but stress is given to guidelines published by Gan in 2003. They are the most recent contribution for risk stratification, prevention and treatment of PONV patients. CONCLUSIONS: Although the management of PONV has improved in recent years, it is still common among high-risk patients. Current strategy to prevent and treat PONV is not yet established and Gan guidelines should be adapted to each population and institution.
Keywords : ANTIEMETICS; COMPLICATIONS [postoperative nausea]; COMPLICATIONS [vomiting].