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Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
On-line version ISSN 1806-907X
SANTOS, Marcelo Cursino Pinto dos and VINAGRE, Ronaldo Contreras Oliveira. Dexmedetomidine for neurocognitive testing in awake craniotomy: case report. Rev. Bras. Anestesiol. [online]. 2006, vol.56, n.4, pp.402-407. ISSN 1806-907X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-70942006000400008.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Tumor resections in the speech areas of the brain are more safely done using cognitive tests to determine their exact location. Patients must be awake, comfortable, and cooperative for the precise identification of the areas to be preserved. The objective of this report is to present a surgical procedure done with the patient awake, without endotracheal intubation, using sevofluorane initially, followed by dexmedetomidine. This technique allowed the realization of motor and speech evaluation tests. CASE REPORT: Twenty-seven years old male patient, physical status ASA I, with a brain tumor. In the operating room, without pre-anesthetic medication, midazolam (1 mg) was administered, and general anesthesia was induced with propofol (80 mg). Maintenance was done with O2, N2O, and sevofluorane, with a mask, for catheterization of the right radial artery, introduction of a vesical catheter, and infiltration of the surgical site. This phase lasted around 20 minutes, and the infusion of dexmedetomidine was initiated in the last 10 minutes to maintain a level of sedation Ramsay score 2. Cortical mapping followed (75 minutes). Afterwards, tumor resection was done while the patient remained sedated with higher doses of dexmedetomidine. Hemodynamic and respiratory parameters remained stable, and the procedure was performed without complications, lasting a total of five hours. After the surgical procedure the patient was transferred to the ICU. He did not develop any neurological changes, being discharged to a regular ward the following day. CONCLUSIONS: Awake craniotomy with the proper mapping of speech and motor cortical areas was successfully done with the continuous infusion of dexmedetomidine. Both the patient and the surgical team were pleased with the technique.
Keywords : DRUGS [dexmedetomidine]; SURGERY, Neurosurgery [craniotomy, cognitive tests].