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Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
On-line version ISSN 1806-907X
SZELES, Tais Felix et al. Hypoxemia after myocardial revascularization: analysis of risk factors. Rev. Bras. Anestesiol. [online]. 2008, vol.58, n.2, pp.124-136. ISSN 1806-907X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-70942008000200005.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Severe hypoxemia is complication frequently seen in the immediate postoperative period of myocardial revascularization (MR), increasing the duration of mechanical ventilation, the incidence of pulmonary infections, hospital costs, and mortality. The objective of this study was to identify predictive factors of severe hypoxemia in patients undergoing MR. METHODS: Four-hundred and eighty-one adult patients undergoing elective MR between October 2003 and March 2004 were enrolled in this study. Severe hypoxemia was defined as PaO2/FiO2 < 150 upon admission to the ICU. The Chi-square test, Student's t or Wilcoxon test, followed by multivariate analysis and logistic regression (LR) for parameters with p < 0.25 in the univariate analysis, were used for the statistical analysis. A p > 0.2 was required to exclude the parameter from the LR model, and a p < 0.1 was considered significant. RESULTS: Time for extubation was greater in patients with severe hypoxemia (p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis identified age (p = 0.081), weight (p = 0.001), need of prolonged CBP (p = 0.033), and left ventricular dysfunction (p = 0.082) as independent predictors of severe hypoxemia. CONCLUSIONS: Older and overweighted patients, those with left ventricular dysfunction, and those who needed CPB presented an increased risk of severe hypoxemia after MR. In those patients, the use of perioperative ventilatory strategies, with elevated positive expiratory pressures and alveolar recruitment maneuver should be considered to prevent postoperative pulmonary dysfunction.
Keywords : COMPLICATIONS [hypoxemia]; RISK, factors; SURGERY, Cardiac [myocardial revascularization].