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Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Print version ISSN 0034-7094
GOULART, Alexandre Palmeira; MORO, Eduardo Toshiyuki; RIOS, Rosmani de Paula and PIRES, Ricardo Tadeu Faria. Subarachnoid blockade for cesarean section in a patient with ventriculoperitoneal shunt: case report. Rev. Bras. Anestesiol. [online]. 2009, vol.59, n.4, pp. 471-475. ISSN 0034-7094. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-70942009000400009.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients with ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) represent an additional concern when neuroaxis block is indicated, especially in obstetrics. Currently, a consensus on the anesthetic technique of choice in those cases does not exist in the literature. The objective of this report was to describe the case of a cesarean section under subarachnoid blockade in a patient with VPS. CASE REPORT: This is a 28 years old pregnant patient at term, in her second pregnancy, one prior delivery, a cesarean section seven years ago, no history of miscarriages, and pre-natal care without intercurrences, in labor for five hours. The patient evolved with acute fetal distress and an emergency cesarean section was indicated. She had had a VPS for five years due to intracranial hypertension (sic) of unknown etiology. Neurological exam was normal. She underwent subarachnoid block with 15 mg of 0.5% hyperbaric bupivacaine and 80 ¼g of morphine. The newborn had an Apgar of 8 (in the first minute) and 10 (in the 5th minute). The patient was discharged two days later in excellent clinical condition. CONCLUSIONS: The anesthetic approach of obstetric patients with VPS is complex, and the risk and benefits of anesthetic techniques, as well as the circumstances that led to this indication, should be considered at the time of the indication. Successful of neuroaxis block in patients with neurological diseases has been reported. As for VPS, formal contraindication for neuroaxis block does not exist in the literature. Cases should be individualized. In the present report, due to an obstetric emergency and the neurologic condition of the patient, a decision to use neuroaxis blockade was made. The technique provided adequate management of the airways, good maternal-fetal condition, and postoperative analgesia. The evolution was favorable and the patient did not show any neurologic changes secondary to the technique used.
Keywords : ANESTHETIC TECHNIQUES, Regional [subarachnoid]; DISEASES, Neurological [ventriculoperitoneal shunt]; SURGERY, Obstetric [cesarean section].