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Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Print version ISSN 0034-7094
SILVA JUNIOR, João Manoel et al. Applicability of the simplified acute physiology score (SAPS 3) in brazilian hospitals. Rev. Bras. Anestesiol. [online]. 2010, vol.60, n.1, pp.20-31. ISSN 0034-7094. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-70942010000100003.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The SAPS 3 (Simplified Acute Physiology Score 3) prognostic system is composed of 20 parameters, represented by an acute physiology score and assessment of the previous status, aimed at establishing a predictive mortality index for patients admitted to intensive care units (ICU). The objective of this study was to validate this system and determine its discriminatory power in surgical patients in Brazil. METHODS: This is a prospective study undertaken in two surgical ICUs of two different hospitals over a one-year period; patients younger than 16 years, who stay at the ICU for less than 24 hours, readmitted to the unit, and those admitted for dialysis were excluded from the study. The predictive ability of the SAPS 3 index to differentiate survivors and non-survivors was determined by the ROC curve and calibration by the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test. RESULTS: One thousand three-hundred and ten patients were included in the study. Gastrointestinal surgeries predominated (34.9%). Eighteen was the lower SAPS 3 index and the highest was 154, with a mean of 48.5 ± 18.1. The predicted and real hospital mortality was 10.3% and 10.8%, respectively; the standardized mortality ratio (SMR) was 1.04 (95%CI = 1.03-1.07). Calibration by the Hosmer and Lemeshow method showed X2 = 10.47 p = 0.234. The SAPS 3 score that better discriminated survivors and non-survivors was 57, with sensitivity of 75.8% and specificity 86%. Among the patients with SAPS 3 index higher than 57, 73.5% did not survive versus 26.5% who survived (OR= 1.32, 95%CI 1.23-1.42, p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The SAPS 3 system is valid for the Brazilian population of surgical patients, being a useful indicator of critical patients and to determine greater care in this group.
Keywords : INTENSIVE CARE [surgical]; MORTALITY, Hospital [SAPS 3 predictive score, SAPS 3].