Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Print version ISSN 0034-7094
BRAGA, Angélica de Fátima de Assunção; FRIAS, José Aristeu Fachini; BRAGA, Franklin Sarmento da Silva and PINTO, Daniela Roncoletta da Silva. Spinal Block with 10 mg of hyperbaric bupivacaine associated with 5 µg of sufentanil for cesarean section: study of different volumes. Rev. Bras. Anestesiol. [online]. 2010, vol.60, n.2, pp. 121-128. ISSN 0034-7094. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-70942010000200003.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Several factors affect the cephalad dispersion of the anesthetic solution in the subarachnoid space; among them, physiological changes of pregnancy and the dose and volume of the local anesthetics should be mentioned. The objective of this study was to assess the effectivity and side effects of different volumes of the subarachnoid administration of the association of hyperbaric bupivacaine and sufentanil in cesarean sections. METHODS: Forty patients, ASA I and II, undergoing elective cesarean section under spinal block were divided in two groups, according to the volume of the anesthetic solution: Group I (4 mL) and Group II (3 mL). The association of hyperbaric bupivacaine (10 mg-2 mL) and sufentanil (5 µg-1 mL) was used in both groups. In Group I, 1 mL of NS was added to the solution to achieve the volume of 4 mL. The following parameters were evaluated: latency of the blockade; upper limit of the sensorial blockade; degree of motor blockade; time for regression of the motor blockade; total duration of analgesia; maternal side effects; and neonatal repercussions. RESULTS: Latency, the upper limit of the sensorial blockade, and the degree and time for regression of the motor blockade were similar in both groups; duration of analgesia was greater in Group I than in Group II, which was statistically significant. The incidence of side effects was similar in both groups. Maternal cardiocirculatory changes and neonatal repercussions were not observed. CONCLUSIONS: Four milliliter of anesthetic solution composed of hyperbaric bupivacaine, 10 mg, associated with 5 µg of sufentanil was more effective than 3 ml of the same solution, providing better intra-and postoperative analgesia without maternal-fetal repercussions.
Keywords : ANESTHETIC, Local [hyperbaric bupivacaine]; ANESTHETIC TECHNIQUE, Regional [subarachnoid]; SURGERY, Obstetric [cesarean section].