Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Print version ISSN 0034-7094
IMBELLONI, Luiz Eduardo et al. General anesthesia versus spinal anesthesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Rev. Bras. Anestesiol. [online]. 2010, vol.60, n.3, pp. 217-227. ISSN 0034-7094. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-70942010000300001.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the treatment of choice for cholelithiasis. The objective of this study was to compare the possibility of performing laparoscopic cholecystectomy under spinal anesthesia versus general anesthesia. METHODS: Between July 2007 and September 2008, 68 patients with symptoms of cholelithiasis were included in this study. Patients with physical status ASA I and II were randomly divided to undergo laparoscopic cholecystectomy with low-tension pneumoperitoneum with CO2 under general anesthesia (n = 33) or spinal anesthesia (n = 35). Propofol, fentanyl, rocuronium, sevoflurane, and tracheal intubation were used for general anesthesia. Hyperbaric bupivacaine 15 mg, and fentanyl 20 µg to achieve a sensorial level of T3· were used for the spinal anesthesia. Intraoperative parameters, postoperative pain, complications, recovery, patient satisfaction, and cost were compared between both groups. RESULTS: All surgical procedures were completed with the chosen method and spinal anesthesia was converted to general anesthesia only in one patient. Pain was significantly lower at 2, 4, and 6 hours after the procedure under spinal anesthesia. The cost of the spinal anesthesia was significantly lower than that of the general anesthesia. All patients were discharged after 24 hours. In the postoperative evaluation, all patients were satisfied with the spinal anesthesia and would recommend this procedure. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy with low-pressure pneumoperitoneum with CO2 can be safely performed under spinal anesthesia. Spinal anesthesia was associated with an extremely low level of postoperative pain, better recovery, and lower cost than general anesthesia.
Keywords : subaracnoidea; ANESTHESIA [General]; ANESTHETIC TECHNIQUE [Regional]; ANESTHETIC TECHNIQUE [subarachnoid]; SURGERY [Abdominal]; SURGERY [laparoscopic cholecystectomy].