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Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Print version ISSN 0034-7094
ABELHA, Fernando José; BOTELHO, Miguela; FERNANDES, Vera and BARROS, Henrique. Quality of life and mortality assessment in patients with major cardiac events in the postoperative period. Rev. Bras. Anestesiol. [online]. 2010, vol.60, n.3, pp. 268-284. ISSN 0034-7094. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-70942010000300006.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cardiovascular complications in the postoperative period are associated with high mortality and morbidity. Few studies have assessed the degree of dependence in these patients and their perception of health. The objective of this study was to assess the mortality and the quality of life in patients who developed major cardiac events (MCE) in the postoperative period. METHOD: Retrospective study carried out in a Surgical Intensive Care Unit (SICU), between March 2006 and March 2008. The patients were assessed regarding the occurrence of CE. Six months after the hospital discharge, the Short-Form-36 (SF-36) questionnaire was filled out and dependence was assessed in relation to activities of daily living (ADL). The comparisons between independent groups of patients were carried out using Student's t test. The comparison between each variable and the occurrence of CE was carried out by logistic regression and included all patients. RESULTS: Of the 1,280 patients that met the inclusion criteria, 26 (2%) developed MCE. The univariate analysis identified as independent determinants for the development of major cardiac events: ASA physical status, hypertension, ischemic heart disease, congestive heart disease and score of the Revised Cardiac Risk Index (RCRI). The six-month mortality after the SICU discharge was 35%. Of the 17 surviving patients, 13 completed the questionnaires. Thirty-one percent of them reported that their general health was better on the day they answered the questionnaire, when compared to 12 months before. Sixty-nine percent of the patients were dependent in instrumental ADL e 15% in personal ADL. CONCLUSIONS: The development of MCE has a significant impact on the duration of hospital stay and mortality rates. Six months after the discharge from the SICU, more than 50% of the patients were dependent in at least one instrumental ADL.
Keywords : COMPLICATIONS [morbidity]; COMPLICATIONS [mortality]; COMPLICATIONS [postoperative]; SURGERY [Cardiac]; SURGERY [quality of life].