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Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Print version ISSN 0034-7094
SERRA, André Peres e and ASHMAWI, Hazem A. Influence of naloxone and methysergide on the analgesic effects of low-level laser in an experimental pain model. Rev. Bras. Anestesiol. [online]. 2010, vol.60, n.3, pp. 302-310. ISSN 0034-7094. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-70942010000300008.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although the mechanism of action of laser phototherapy (LPT) is not known, it is a promising analgesic method. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the action of LPT depends on the activation of peripheral opioid or serotonergic receptors. METHOD: Inflammatory pain was induced through the injection of carrageenin in the left posterior paw of male Wistar rats. The InGaAIP visible laser diode (660 nm) with fluency of 2.5 J.cm-2 was used. Von Frey filaments were used to analyze mechanical hyperalgesia. Animals were separated into five groups: Carrageenin; Laser (LPT); Non-coherent light; LPT + Naloxone; and LPT + Methysergide. RESULTS: Low-Level Laser phototherapy proved to be an effective analgesic method, while non-coherent light did not show a similar effect. The use of naloxone blocked the analgesic effect of LPT, while methysergide did not affect LPT-induced analgesia. CONCLUSIONS: According to the parameter used in this study, LPT produced analgesia. Analgesia induced by laser phototherapy is mediated by peripheral opioid receptors. Laser phototherapy does not seem to interact with peripheral serotonergic receptors.
Keywords : ANALGESIA [low-level laser]; ANIMALS [Wistar rats].