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Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Print version ISSN 0034-7094
SILVA JUNIOR, João Manoel et al. Influence of central venous oxygen saturation on in-hospital mortality of surgical patients. Rev. Bras. Anestesiol. [online]. 2010, vol.60, n.6, pp. 597-602. ISSN 0034-7094. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-70942010000600005.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Low central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) indicates an imbalance between cellular oxygen supply and consumption and, consequently, worse prognosis for critical patients. However, it is not clear what the value of this marker in surgical patients. The objective of the present study was to evaluate whether low perioperative ScvO2 determines a worse prognosis. METHODS: This is a 6-month observational study carried on in a tertiary hospital. Patients who needed to be in the intensive care unit (ICU) postoperatively, with age > 18 years, who underwent large surgeries, were included. Patients who underwent palliative surgeries and those with severe heart failure were excluded. Levels of ScvO2 were measured before the surgery, during the procedure, and after the surgery in the ICU. RESULTS: Sixty-six patients were included in this study, but 25.8% of them did not survive. Mean ScvO2 levels were higher intraoperatively, 84.7 ± 8.3%, than preoperatively and in the ICU, 74.1 ± 7.6% and 76.0 ± 10.5% (p = 0.0001), respectively. However, only preoperative SvcO2 levels of non-surviving patients were significantly lower than those who survived. By logistic regression, preoperative ScvO2, OR = 0.85 (95% CI 0.74-0.98) (p = 0.02), was an independent factor of in-hospital mortality. Patients with preoperative ScvO2 < 70% had greater need of intraoperative blood transfusion (80.0% versus 37.0%, p = 0.001) and volume replacement, 8,000.0 (6,500.0-9,225.0) mL versus 6,000.0 (4,500.0-8,500.0) mL (p = 0.04), with greater chances of postoperative complications (75% versus 45.7%, p = 0.02) and longer time in the ICU, 4.0 (20.0-5.0) days versus 3.0 (1.7-4.0) days (p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Intraoperative ScvO2 levels are higher than those both in the pre- and postoperative period. However, low preoperative ScvO2 determines worse prognosis.
Keywords : COMPLICATIONS [mortality]; OXYGEN [consumption]; blood levels; RISK [factors].