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Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Print version ISSN 0034-7094
KISHI, Daniel and VIDEIRA, Rogério Luiz da Rocha. Description of nosocomial infection prevention practices by anesthesiologists in a University Hospital. Rev. Bras. Anestesiol. [online]. 2011, vol.61, n.2, pp. 182-187. ISSN 0034-7094. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-70942011000200007.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Anesthesiologists play an important role in the prevention of nosocomial infections. In anesthetic practice, physiologic barriers are routinely breached, allowing patient contamination with microorganisms and the consequent development of infection. The lack of adhesion to recommended practices can facilitate transmission of microorganisms. It is important to describe prophylactic practices of anesthesiarelated nosocomial infections performed by anesthesiologists. METHODS: Structured questionnaires were distributed to be answered voluntarily and anonymously by anesthesiologists. RESULTS: Among 112 anesthesiologists, 75% answered the questionnaire. Surgical mask is used by 95.2% of anesthesiologists, 96.3% wear gloves frequently, 98.9% wear sterile gloves for neuraxial block, 91.3% use sterile technique for central venous puncture, 95.1% wash their hands between cases, 91.6% try to maintain the endotracheal tube sterile, 96.3% discard the prefilled propofol syringe at the end of each anesthesia, 30% clean the vials before using it in the neuraxial blocks, and 19.8% clean the vials before intravenous use. CONCLUSIONS: Respondents showed good adhesion to practices of nosocomial infection prophylaxis and to improve them educational multidisciplinary campaigns are necessary.
Keywords : Infection Control; Universal Precautions; Asepsis; Anesthesia.