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Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Print version ISSN 0034-7094
PIRES, Oscar César et al. Subarachnoid serotonergic and noradrenergic antagonists increase the pain response in rats. Rev. Bras. Anestesiol. [online]. 2011, vol.61, n.2, pp. 206-210. ISSN 0034-7094. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-70942011000200009.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is evidence that the passage of nociceptive information through the posterior horn of the spinal cord (PHSC) on its way to rostral levels of the central nervous system undergoes profound excitatory and inhibitory influences. The objective of the present study was to compare the effects of the subarachnoid administration of methysergide, phentolamine, and phentolamine associated with methysergide on phases I, intermediate, and II of the modified phormaline test in rats. METHODS: Twenty-eight male Wistar rats distributed randomly in four groups (n = 7) to received subarachnoid saline solution (GC), phentolamine (GF), methysergide (GM), or phentolamine associated with methysergide (GFM). Pain was induced by the administration of phormaline in the dorsal region of the right hind paw. The test was divided in three phases: phase I, intermediate, and phase II. Statistical analysis of the results was performed using the software SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences), adopting a level of significance of 5%. RESULTS: In the intermediate phase the number of paw elevations was significantly higher in GF, GM, and GFM groups when compared to the GC group. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest the existence of a noradrenergic and serotonergic effect in the inhibitory descending system of acute pain, with the possibility of using serotonergic and α1-adrenergic antagonists to control acute pain.
Keywords : Pain measurement; Subarachnoid Space; Phentolamine; Methysergide; Rats.