Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Print version ISSN 0034-7094
VIEIRA, Eneida Maria; GOODMAN, Stuart and TANAKA, Pedro Paulo. Anesthesia and rheumatoid arthritis. Rev. Bras. Anestesiol. [online]. 2011, vol.61, n.3, pp. 371-375. ISSN 0034-7094. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-70942011000300013.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology. It is known that RA patients have a reduced life expectancy when compared with the general population. Rheumatic diseases are numerous and occur with high variability; some of them develop very rapidly while others occur chronically provoking disability throughout life. Anesthetic risks in osteoarticular disorders involve not only the mechanical deformations caused by the disease, but also the cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, and digestive systems. CONTENTS: The purpose of this review was to stress the importance of stages in disease process that may affect anesthesia control before, during, and after surgery, highlighting the authors' experience in a retrospective review of patients with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) undergoing placement of orthopedic prosthesis with emphasis on intubation techniques. CONCLUSIONS: Rheumatoid arthritis patients can present a number of complex problems for the anesthesiologist. This requires careful preoperative evaluation; anesthesia requires experience with the technique; and postoperative care should be judiciously chosen to meet the specific needs of the patient. The procedure requires effective communication among surgeon, rheumatologist and anesthesiologist so each member of the multidisciplinary team can contribute with his/her expertise in order to better benefit the patient.
Keywords : Arthritis, Rheumatoid; Arthritis, Juvenile Rheumatoid; Anesthesia; Perioperative Care; Intubation, Intratracheal.