Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Print version ISSN 0034-7094
KIM, Silvia Minhye; MALBOUISSON, Luiz Marcelo Sá; AULER JR, José Otávio Costa and CARMONA, Maria José Carvalho. Hemodynamic changes during myocardial revascularization without extracorporeal circulation. Rev. Bras. Anestesiol. [online]. 2011, vol.61, n.4, pp. 440-446. ISSN 0034-7094. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-70942011000400005.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cardiac positioning and stabilization during myocardial revascularization without extracorporeal circulation (ECC) may cause hemodynamic changes dependent to the surgical site. The objective of this study was to evaluate these changes during distal coronary anastomosis. METHODS: Twenty adult patients undergoing myocardial revascularization without ECC were monitored by pulmonary artery catheter and transesophageal Echo Doppler. Hemodynamic data were collected at the following times before removing the stabilizer wall: (1) after volume adjustments, (2) at the beginning of distal anastomosis, and (3) after 5 minutes. Treated coronary arteries were grouped according to their location in the lateral, anterior, or posterior wall. Two-way ANOVA with repetition and Newman-Keuls post-test were used in the analysis. A p value < 0.05 was considered statically significant. RESULTS: During myocardial revascularization without ECC, pulmonary artery wedge pressure showed elevation from 17.7 ± 6.1 to 19.2 ± 6.5 (p < 0.001) and 19.4 ± 5.9 mmHg (p < 0.001), while the central venous pressure went from 13.9 ± 5.4 to 14.9 ± 5.9 mmHg (p = 0.007) and 15.1 ± 6.0 mmHg (p = 0.006). Intermittent cardiac output was reduced from 4.70 ± 1.43 to 4.23 ± 1.22 (p < 0.001) and 4.26 ± 1.25 L.min-1 (p < 0.001). According to transesophageal Doppler, a significant group-time interaction was observed in cardiac output, which was reduced in the lateral group from 4.08 ± 1.99 to 2.84 ± 1.82 (p = 0.02) and 2.86 ± 1.73 L.min-1 (p = 0.02), and aortic blood flow, which went from 2.85 ± 1.39 to 1.99 ± 1.26 (p = 0.02) and 2.00 ± 1.21 L.min-1 (p = 0.02). Other hemodynamic changes were not observed during anastomoses. CONCLUSIONS: A significant hemodynamic deterioration was observed during myocardial revascularization without ECC. Transesophageal Doppler detected a decrease in cardiac output only in the lateral group.
Keywords : Hemodynamics; Echocardiography; Transesophageal; Coronary Artery Bypass; Extracorporeal Circulation.