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Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Print version ISSN 0034-7094
OLIVEIRA, Rohnelt Machado de; TANAKA, Pedro Paulo and TENORIO, Sergio Bernardo. Assessing the use of 50% enantiomeric excess bupivacaine-loaded microspheres after sciatic nerve block in rats. Rev. Bras. Anestesiol. [online]. 2011, vol.61, n.6, pp. 741-747. ISSN 0034-7094. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-70942011000600006.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To achieve better therapeutic benefits of local anesthetics in the control of postoperative pain through controlled-release carrier. The objective of this study was to compare the characteristics of sensory and motor blockade between microspheres without local anesthetic: racemic bupivacaine-loaded microspheres; 50% enantiomeric excess bupivacaine-loaded microspheres; and free 50% enantiomeric excess bupivacaine. METHODS: Wistar rats were distributed into four groups: A (Microsphere); B (S50-R50 bupivacaine-loaded microsphere); C (50% enantiomeric excess bupivacaine-loaded microsphere); and D (50% enantiomeric excess bupivacaine). Inhalation anesthesia was performed before the sciatic nerve block (2% halothane and 100% O2). Sensorial blockade was measured by the time required for each rat to withdraw its paw from a hot plate at 56ºC (positive > 4 sec). Motor blockade was measured by the time between drug injection until recovery of a motor score of 2 on the established criterion. RESULTS: The sensory response was significantly more frequent in groups B, C, and D than in group A (p < 0.001). There were no statistically significant differences in the response to the sensory test in groups B, C, and D (p > 0.05). The response to the motor test was also significantly more frequent in groups B, C, and D than in group A (p = 0.02). A tendency to greater positivity in the motor test was more frequently found in groups B and D than in group C (p = 0.10). CONCLUSIONS: Controlled-release of 50% enantiomeric excess bupivacaine-loaded microspheres showed similar results regarding analgesia and less motor blockade when compared to other anesthetic formulations.
Keywords : Pain [Postoperative]; Microspheres; Bupivacaine; Rats [Wistar].