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Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Print version ISSN 0034-7094
OLIVEIRA, Rohnelt Machado de; TENORIO, Sérgio Bernardo; TANAKA, Pedro Paulo and PRECOMA, Dalton. Control of pain trough epidural block and incidence of cardiac dysrhythmias in postoperative period of thoracic and major abdominal surgical procedures: a comparative study. Rev. Bras. Anestesiol. [online]. 2012, vol.62, n.1, pp. 14-18. ISSN 0034-7094. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-70942012000100003.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Upper abdomen and thorax surgeries cause intense pain. Some of postoperative pain main complications are cardiocirculatory complications. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that postoperative analgesia with employment of local anesthetics plus spinal opioids may reduce the incidence of cardiovascular complications in postoperative period of patients in these conditions, comparing with classical methods of postoperative analgesia, opioids and NSAIDs, administered upon patient's demand. METHOD: Eighty adult patients, ASA I and II, without ECG alterations, were allocated into two groups of 40: Group A, patients under general anesthesia with propofol, cisatracurium and isoflurane, associated with epidural anesthesia with catheter and control of postoperative analgesia with bupivacaine and epidural morphine; and Group B, patients under general anesthesia with the same drugs and doses of A, plus postoperative analgesia carried out with NSAIDs and intravenous morphine at the end of surgery and in regular intervals. In both groups Holter was applied for 24 hours. Pain evaluation was carried out through visual analog scale. RESULTS: In pain evaluation, an evident predominance of 0 score (p < 0.001) was observed in Group A and there was also reduction of blood pressure levels in postoperative period in a more accentuated way. Ventricular and supraventricular dysrhythmias were five times more frequent in Group B (p = 0.00001), in which a tendency to a higher frequency of ventricular extrasystoles in age > 50 years (22.2% versus 0.0%. p = 0.26) was also detected. No significative difference of heart rate among groups (p > 0.05) was observed. CONCLUSIONS: The best quality of analgesia in postoperative period, carried out in Group A, reduced the incidence of cardiovascular complications
Keywords : Anesthesia [Epidural]; Pain [Postoperative]; Analgesia; Arrhythmias [Cardiac].