Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Print version ISSN 0034-7094
BARBOSA, Ricardo Antonio Guimarães et al. Extracorporeal circulation interference on emergence from anesthesia in patients submitted to myocardial revascularization. Rev. Bras. Anestesiol. [online]. 2012, vol.62, n.3, pp. 293-297. ISSN 0034-7094. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-70942012000300002.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Extracorporeal circulation (ECC) may change drug pharmacokinetics as well as brain function. The objectives of this study are to compare emergence time and postoperative sedation intensity assessed by the bispectral index (BIS) and the Ramsay sedation scale in patients undergoing myocardial revascularization (MR) with or without ECC. METHOD: Ten patients undergoing MR with ECC (ECC group) and 10 with no ECC (no-ECC group) were administered with sufentanyl, propofol 2.0 µg.mL-1 and pancuronium target controlled infusion. After surgery, propofol infusion was reduced to 1 µg.mL-1 and suspended when extubation was indicated. Patients BIS, Ramsay scale and time to wake up were assessed. RESULTS: The ECC group showed lower BIS values beginning at 60 minutes after surgery (no-ECC = 66 ± 13 and ECC = 53 ± 14, p = 0.01) until 120 minutes after infusion (no-ECC = 85 ± 8 and ECC = 73 ± 12, p = 0.02). Sedation level measured by the Ramsay scale was higher in the ECC group at 30 minutes after the end of the surgery (no-ECC = 5 ± 1 and ECC = 6 ± 0, p = 0.021), at the end of infusion (no-ECC = 5 ± 1 and ECC = 6 ± 1, p = 0.012) and 5 minutes after the end of infusion (no-ECC = 4 ± 1 and ECC = 5 ± 0.42, p = 0.039). Emergence from anesthesia time was higher in the ECC group (no-ECC = 217 ± 81 and ECC = 319 ± 118, p = 0.038). CONCLUSIONS: There was a higher intensity of sedation after the end of surgery and a longer wake up time in ECC group, suggesting changes in the pharmacokinetics of propofol or effects of ECC on central nervous system.
Keywords : deep sedation; extracorporeal circulation; pharmacokinetics; propofol.