Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Print version ISSN 0034-7094
NUNES, Rogean Rodrigues et al. Influence of total intravenous anesthesia, entropy and laparoscopy on oxidative stress. Rev. Bras. Anestesiol. [online]. 2012, vol.62, n.4, pp. 492-501. ISSN 0034-7094. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-70942012000400002.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have correlated postoperative mortality with anesthetic mortality, especially with the depth of anesthesia and systolic blood pressure (SBP). The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of the depth of total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) using remifentanil and propofol, performed with monitoring of response entropy (RE) on blood concentrations of oxidative stress markers (TBARS and glutathione) during laparoscopic operations. METHOD: Twenty adult patients, ASA I, BMI 20-26 kg.m-2, aged 20 to 40 years, were randomly distributed into two groups: Group I underwent anesthetic-surgical procedure with RE maintained between 45 and 59, and Group II underwent anesthetic-surgical procedure with RE between 30 and 44. In both groups, the remifentanil and propofol infusion was controlled by the effector site (Es), adjusted to maintain RE desired values (Groups I and II) and always assessing the suppression rate (SR). Patients were evaluated in six periods: M1 (immediately before anesthesia), M2 (before tracheal intubation [TI]), M3 (5-minutes after TI), M4 (immediately before pneumoperitoneum [PPT]), M5 (1-minute after PPT), and M6 (1-hour after the operation). The following parameters were assessed at all times: SBP, DBP, HR, RE, SR, TBARS, and glutathione. RESULTS: We found increases in TBARS and glutathione in M5, both in Group I and Group II (p < 0.05), with higher values in Group II, and SR in three patients in Group II, immediately after PPT. CONCLUSIONS: Increased markers in Group I (M5) suggests an increase in anaerobic metabolism (AM) in the splanchnic circulation while the highest values seen in Group II (GII > GI in M5, p < 0.05%) suggest interference of another factor (deep anesthesia) responsible for the increase in AM, probably as a result of increased autonomic nervous system depression and minor splanchnic self-regulation.
Keywords : Entropy; Intravenous Anesthesia; Laparoscopy; Oxidative Stress.