Revista Brasileira de Biologia
Print version ISSN 0034-7108
MARQUES, M. G. S. M.; FERREIRA, R. L. and BARBOSA, F. A. R.. Macroinvertebrate community and limnological caracteristics of Lagoa Carioca and Lagoa da Barra, State Park of Rio Doce, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Biol. [online]. 1999, vol.59, n.2, pp. 203-210. ISSN 0034-7108. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-71081999000200004.
The aquatic macroinvertebrate community, often used to assess water quality, was investigated in two lentic systems from among the lakes in the Middle Rio Doce, which showed different conservation status. The Lagoa da Barra and Lagoa Carioca were sampled at their margins and in the limnetic zone, collecting water for physical and chemical characterization, and sediment to obtain the benthic organisms. The Lagoa da Barra, which suffers strong impacts due to human actions, showed less oxygen concentration, higher conductivity, and its biological community showed less richness (14 taxa versus 33 in Lagoa Carioca). The analysis of fish trophic guilds suggests that the predation pressure on the macroinvertebrate community is higher in Lagoa da Barra as well. The Lagoa Carioca, besides having higher richness, showed a more well-structured community in terms of functional feeding groups, reflecting its better state of conservation, because it is inside the limits of the State Park of Rio Doce.
Keywords : aquatic macroinvertebrates; conservation; lentic system.