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Revista Brasileira de Economia

Print version ISSN 0034-7140On-line version ISSN 1806-9134

Abstract

MENEZES-FILHO, Naércio Aquino  and  RODRIGUES JR., Mauro. Tecnologia e demanda por qualificação na indústria brasileira. Rev. Bras. Econ. [online]. 2003, vol.57, n.3, pp.569-603. ISSN 0034-7140.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-71402003000300004.

The main aim of this paper is to investigate the relationship between skill upgrading and measures of technology in Brazilian manufacturing for the last two decades. We use R&D intensity as a proxy for technological change. We find robust evidence of technology-skill complementarity, especially for the period between 1994 and 1997. Furthermore, when U.S. R&D intensity is used as an instrument for Brazilian R&D intensity, its impact on skill demand rises threefold. This provides us with evidence that technological transfer is impacting skill-upgrading in Brazil.

Keywords : tecnologia; educação; emprego; salários.

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