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Revista Brasileira de Economia

Print version ISSN 0034-7140On-line version ISSN 1806-9134

Abstract

MARINHO, Emerson; BENEGAS, Mauricio  and  BARRETO, Flavio. Vantagem comparativa dinâmica e crescimento numa economia com dois setores: agrícola e industrial. Rev. Bras. Econ. [online]. 2007, vol.61, n.4, pp.477-492. ISSN 0034-7140.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-71402007000400003.

This paper analyses the effects of agricultural productivity gains on the industrialization process and on the long run growth rate of the economy. The model allows endogenous gains in agricultural productivity and, besides that, it is assumed that accumulated experience in the manufacture sector exerts a positive impact on agricultural productivity. The model shown that a necessary condition to the decline of industrial employment, due to comparative advantage in agriculture, is that the economy of the rest of world has poor industry/ agriculture integration. Finally, it is also shown that interventionist can reverse specialization induced by initial comparative advantages.

Keywords : Crescimento endógeno; Vantagem comparativa dinâmica; Learning-by-doing.

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