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vol.66 issue1Como as ONGs ambientais influenciam a política ambiental brasileira?Universidades como produtoras de conhecimento para o desenvolvimento econômico: sistema superior de ensino e as políticas de CT&I author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Revista Brasileira de Economia

Print version ISSN 0034-7140


AZEVEDO, Eduardo M.  and  SALGADO, Pablo. Universidade pública deve ser grátis para quem pode pagar?. Rev. Bras. Econ. [online]. 2012, vol.66, n.1, pp.99-116. ISSN 0034-7140.

The Brazilian government offers over one million slots per year in free public universities. Nevertheless, higher education in Brazil is highly progressive. We analyze how the introduction of a tuition fee in public universities, levied upon those families that can afford it, alters the equilibrium in the higher education market. Such a tariff provides incentives for rich families to seek private education and facilitates the access of poor students to public universities. A small tuition fee generates social gains of at least R$100.000 (around five times per capita GDP) for every additional poor student that receives a public education.

Keywords : Educaçao Superior; Finanças Públicas.

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