Revista Brasileira de Economia
Print version ISSN 0034-7140
AZEVEDO, Eduardo M. and SALGADO, Pablo. Universidade pública deve ser grátis para quem pode pagar?. Rev. Bras. Econ. [online]. 2012, vol.66, n.1, pp.99-116. ISSN 0034-7140. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-71402012000100005.
The Brazilian government offers over one million slots per year in free public universities. Nevertheless, higher education in Brazil is highly progressive. We analyze how the introduction of a tuition fee in public universities, levied upon those families that can afford it, alters the equilibrium in the higher education market. Such a tariff provides incentives for rich families to seek private education and facilitates the access of poor students to public universities. A small tuition fee generates social gains of at least R$100.000 (around five times per capita GDP) for every additional poor student that receives a public education.
Keywords : Educaçao Superior; Finanças Públicas.