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Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Print version ISSN 0034-7167
BELEZA, Ana Carolina Sartorato; FERREIRA, Cristine Homsi Jorge; SOUSA, Ligia de and NAKANO, Ana Márcia Spanó. Measurement and characteristics of pain after episiotomy and its relationship with the activity limitations. Rev. bras. enferm. [online]. 2012, vol.65, n.2, pp.264-268. ISSN 0034-7167. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-71672012000200010.
This is a descriptive study, involving fifty women after vaginal delivery with episiotomy. The study aimed to measure and to characterize the perineal pain in primiparae who have had a natural childbirth with episiotomy and to verify the activities limited by the perineal pain. For evaluation of perineal pain, a Numeric Scale and the McGill Pain Questionnaire were used, as well as another questionnaire to analyze the activities limited. In the Numeric Scale, the median of perineal pain referred were five. The sensory and subjective evaluation categories were the most selected in the McGill questionnaire. The perineal pain was characterized as pulsing, pulling, hot, stinging, hurting, annoying, troublesome, tight and tense. The most limited activities were sitting, laying down (onto the bed), and walking. In conclusion, it was possible to verify the presence of perineal pain between women in the postpartum period caused by episiotomy and identify the activities of sitting, lying down and walking were limited for this symptom.
Keywords : Pain; Postpartum period; Episiotomy; Women's health.