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Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Print version ISSN 0034-7167
MEDEIROS, Marlise Barros de; PEREIRA, Eliane Ramos; SILVA, Rose Mary Costa Rosa Andrade and SILVA, Marcos Andrade. Ethical dilemmas in ICU: contributions of Max Scheler's Theory of Values. Rev. bras. enferm. [online]. 2012, vol.65, n.2, pp. 276-284. ISSN 0034-7167. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-71672012000200012.
The study aimed to reflect, based on the theoretical framework of Max Scheler, about the ethical dilemmas experienced by nurses in the ICU, and about the values that guide their actions and decisions,. This is qualitative research, and ten ICU nurses have been interviewed at a university hospital. It was identified the experience of ethical dilemmas related to the terminality related to the limits of intervention and use of material resources, as well as the issue of blood transfusion in case of religious restrictions. The values identified were: respect, dignity of the patient, scientific knowledge, humility, passion for the profession and love of God. The theory of values is an important tool for nursing because it allows the approach of an ethics of humanizing praxis, especially in situations of ethical dilemmas.
Keywords : Philosophy nursing; Professional ethics; Intensive Care Units; Principle-based ethics.