Revista Brasileira de Oftalmologia
On-line version ISSN 1982-8551
COSTA, Alinne Maria Camargos da; ALMEIDA, Homero Gusmão de; CAMPOS, Christian Marcellus de Camargo and GONCALVES, Roberto Martins. Antiphospholipid syndrome and retinal vein occlusion. Rev. bras.oftalmol. [online]. 2009, vol.68, n.2, pp. 100-102. ISSN 1982-8551. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-72802009000200007.
A 34-year-old white man presented with a sudden unilateral recurrent visual loss. Fundus examination and fluorescein angiography revealed severe retinal vein occlusion. An antiphospholipid syndrome was discovered during etiological check up. A mutation of Leiden V factor was discovered and the patient started long term anticoagulation after the second occlusive event. However, secondary neovascular glaucoma has developed and despite treatment the affected eye had an important reduction of visual acuity. The purpose of this case report is to demonstrate that retinal vascular occlusion can be the initial manifestation of the antiphospholipid syndrome and that its diagnosis is important because this disease generally affects young people and may endanger ocular and vital prognosis. This diagnosis may imply a long lasting anticoagulative or antiaggregative treatment to reduce the risk of recurrent thrombotic events.
Keywords : Retinal vein occlusion; Antiphospholipid syndrome; Glaucoma; Case reports.