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Revista Brasileira de Oftalmologia

versão impressa ISSN 0034-7280

Resumo

SANTOS, Mário Jorge et al. Acceptance of initial spectacle prescription for children in their first-year at primary school. Rev. bras.oftalmol. [online]. 2011, vol.70, n.3, pp.157-161. ISSN 0034-7280.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0034-72802011000300005.

PURPOSE:To evaluate the acceptance of initial spectacle wear by children in their first year at a public primary school, andto identify barriers in the use of optical correction. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was performed. The study group consisted of 62 children in their first year at primary school in the town of Santana do Ipanema (State of Alagoas, Brazil). The children had been referred to ophthalmological examination following visual acuity (VA) screening in "Olho no Olho-2002" (Eye to Eye - 2002), a public health campaign jointly sponsored by the Brazilian Ministry of Health and the Brazilian Ophthalmologic Council. The children chose spectacle frames from a kit containing small, medium and large sizes, in three fashionable designs aimed at girls, boys and a unisex style. Three months after spectacle delivery the children were asked to fill in a questionnaire on: vision improvement or worsening after wearing the spectacles; reasons for and against wearing them; frequency of spectacle wear; reasons for liking or disliking the spectacles; peers, parents and relatives opinion on spectacle wear and how many, if any, relatives/family members wore spectacles. A database for processing the results was built using Access Office 2000 software. Statistical analysis were performed with SPSS 10.0 program. RESULTS: Age, sex, spectacle-wearing relatives, uncorrected VA under 1.0 (20/20) in both eyes and uncorrected 1.0 (20/20) VA in at least one eye did not affect acceptance. Comments from peers about spectacles were unfavourable in 45.16% of cases while those from parents were favourable in 79.03%. Enthusiasm for wearing spectacles favoured acceptance. Poor frame to face adjustment and peer disapproval were the main reasons cited for spectacle rejection. CONCLUSION: Vision improvement apparently bears no relation to acceptance. Rather, good frame fit and peer approval seems to be the determinant factors for spectacle wear.

Palavras-chave : Patient compliance; Spectacles; Child; Education; primary and secondary.

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