Revista Brasileira de Oftalmologia
Print version ISSN 0034-7280
CARREGAL, Taisa Bertocco; NATSUAKI, Kryscia Leiko; PEREIRA, Gener Tadeu and SCHELLINI, Silvana Artioli. Palpebral ptosis: evaluation of eyelid positioning using digital images. Rev. bras.oftalmol. [online]. 2012, vol.71, n.1, pp. 18-22. ISSN 0034-7280. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-72802012000100004.
OBJECTIVES: To assess the palpebral position in patients with congenital or acquired ptosis, related to margin, sulcus and eyebrow, trying to identify differences between types of ptosis. METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of patients with palpebral ptosis treated at the Ambulatory of Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery - Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu (UNESP) was conducted, from 1995 to 2006. Data were recovered from electronic medical charts as well as digital image files. Eighty-seven patients were assessed, according to age, gender and data related to ptosis, such as time of appearance and type of palpebral ptosis. Palpebral ptosis was classified in two groups: congenital and acquired ptosis. Measurements were taken of margin-reflex distance (MRD), margin sulcus distance (MSD) and margin eyebrow distance (MED) using digital measurements of photos obtained. The corneal diameter of each individual patients was the unit of measure used. All data was transferred to an Excel Spreadsheet and received statistical treatment. RESULTS: Statistical analysis revealed there is no association between the presence of ptosis and gender, or the type of ptosis and gender. There was a significant difference between eyelid with and without ptosis for MRD. However, in relation to the type of ptosis (congenital or acquired), MRD did not present any significant difference. The MSD and MED measurements were higher in acquired ptosis when compared to congenital ptosis. CONCLUSION: Assessment of palpebral positioning using digital measures endorse that MRD is smaller in patients with palpebral ptosis and similar in congenital or acquired ptosis, whereas MSD and MED presented higher values in acquired ptosis.
Keywords : Blepharoptosis; Blepharoptosis [congenital]; Eyelids [anatomy & histology]; Eyelids [physiology].