Revista Brasileira de Oftalmologia
Print version ISSN 0034-7280
MONTEIRO, Mário Luiz Ribeiro. Retinal nerve fiber evaluation in neuro-ophthalmic diseases of the anterior visual pathway. Rev. bras.oftalmol. [online]. 2012, vol.71, n.2, pp.125-138. ISSN 0034-7280. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-72802012000200010.
Retinal nerve fiber evaluation is important in the diagnosis and management of several diseases of the anterior visual pathway. In this report we review the clinical findings and the current techonologies avalilable to analyse the retinal nerve fiber layer. We furthermore review the main findings in several disease of the anterior visual pathways including inflammatory, ischemic, toxics, hereditary, compressive and traumatic optic neuropathies as well as lesion of the optic chiasm, optic tract and lateral geniculate body.
Keywords : Retinal nerve fiber layer; Optic neuropathies; Optic chiasm; Optic tract; Lateral geniculate body; Optical coherence tomography.